How To Make Coffee

how to make coffeeHow to Make Coffee

After browsing my site you will not only know how to make coffee but you will have the knowledge to be able to make great coffee.

Hi, my name is Jim and I have always been a sucker for a good cup of coffee. The problem is the quality varies so much from place to place and probably the only consistent cup I have been getting recently is the one I make myself at home with the espresso machine that I acquired last year. A bit more on espresso machines further into my site.

I have had so many bad cups of coffee that I decided to put this site together. There are many tips on my site that will help you on your way to mastering how to make coffee, in fact to make great coffee. Whether it is a percolated brew or an espresso it has to be made properly and with freshly ground coffee. Percolated coffee isn’t as popular in my country here in the South Pacific but is still available in some cafes. Espresso is the most popular where I live and it varies so much from place to place that it’s incredible.

We have come a long way since the days of instant coffee and when I look back I don’t know how we ever managed to drink it. It was terrible. Today people demand good coffee that is well made along with great flavour. The following are some basic tips on how to make coffee. These will vary from place to place. We will be concentrating mostly on espresso coffee rather than the everyday percolated variety as this is generally easy to make and most people can do it with their eyes closed.

Following is a short video of a barista in action. He makes espreso coffee making look simple but after some practice along with a lot of fun you will get the hang of it as well and be able to do the same.

How to Make Coffee

  • Espresso

Espresso has three meanings: prepared ‘under pressure’, prepared ‘expressly’ for a person, and prepared ‘quickly’. Espresso is the best method for extracting the beautiful oils from the fine-ground, roasted coffee.

The methods that follow will apply to any good espresso equipment both commercial and domestic. We are focusing more on domestic than commercial however because after all we want to save ourselves money don’t we, by making our own coffee.

Once you get your new espresso coffee machine you are all good to go and you can start to make the coffee your friends will enjoy and be envious of.

We will deal with more in-depth instructions in the supporting pages to follow but to make a great coffee the following steps will be followed. These are a general overview of the process

Coffee beans

  • Choosing the Beans

It’s all about beans and we will get more into beans later. Everyone has different tastes and there are many different beans and roasts available. Once you find a good roast you enjoy, stay with it and your coffee will always be consistent.

  • Grinding the coffee

Many people don’t realise how important this part of the process is. The difference between an okay coffee and making a great coffee can begin with the grinding not just the freshness of the beans. There are a few factors that will influence the grind like temperature and humidity Once ground coffee should be used within 15 minutes.

  • Tamping

Tamping is the name given to applying even pressure to the coffee grinds in the handle before coffee extraction. Although some Baristas have different ideas, an even pressure of around 30 to 50 pounds is used.

  • Extracting the Coffee

Along with getting the coffee grind correct, extracting the coffee is very important to get the rich and intense flavours derived from the extraction.  A good extraction will be the difference between a good espresso and a bad one. Under extraction means the coffee will be watery with little flavour and over extraction will mean a strong and bitter coffee that no one will enjoy.

Milk texturing

  • Milk Texturing

Unless you are an avid drinker of straight espresso, most coffees produced are milk coffees like Lattes, flat whites and cappuccinos. The most desired look of the heated milk will be silky smooth and creamy with barely visible bubbles. The heated milk should be glossy, creamy and smooth. The techniques you use will determine the texture and the look of your well-made coffee

  • Cleaning your equipment

At the end of each day after coffee making is cleaning the equipment. It can’t be stressed enough how important regular cleaning of your equipment is after using it. If it isn’t cleaned properly your coffee will be bitter, sour and generally taste terrible.

This page is just a short overview on how to make coffee. I hope you enjoy browsing my site where you will find lots of useful tips and information on making great coffee beginning from where the beans come from to when you finally sit back and enjoy the well-made brew you truly deserve and be proud of.

Finaly, in the next few posts we will be focusing on the actual making of the coffee, there is much information and to put it onto this one page alone would only create a clutter. Take your time on my site, I promise you will enjoy yourself.



Sites With Other Useful Information and Coffee Making Tips

http://www.reluctantgourmet.com/espresso.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barista

http://www.thedomesticbarista.com/index.php/How_to_make_Espresso

An example of one of the many barista training academys

Looking after your espresso machine check out this video

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